Guido D’Arezzo

(c. 995–after 1033)
   The most famous music theorist of the late Middle Ages, he was active in Arezzo, Italy from 1025, with a visit to Rome probably about 1028 at the behest of Pope John XIX, who had heard of his teaching methods.
   In his treatise Aliae Regulae (c. 1020–1025) Guido proposes using a system of lines to express the pitch height of neumes (notes) more precisely than the old practice of using staffless neumes. He used two lines, one yellow to represent C and one red for F, because below those pitches occur the troublesome half-steps. In his Epistola de Ignoto Cantu (c. 1028, before 1033) Guido introduces his method of sight-singing by which a student abstracts pitch relations, relating them to the familiar hymn to St. John Ut {}queant laxis. Its first phrase begins with the syllable ut on the pitch C, the second phrase with the syllable re- (from resonare) on D, and so on until the familiar solfege pattern ut re mi fa so la is associated with locations in cognitive pitch space.
   These two innovations utterly revolutionized the use of musical notation in Europe and allowed the learning of newly composed music far faster than the rote methods which they replaced. In short, they underlie the entire polyphonic tradition of the west. In his Micrologus (1026–1032), the second most widely copied treatise on music after De Institutione Musica of Boethius, Guido discusses modes, polyphony, and the rhythmic relations in chant.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guido von Arezzo — Guido d Arezzo Guido von Arezzo (auch: Guido d Arezzo der Ältere, (Guido) Aretinus und Guido Monaco; * um 992; † unsicher: 17. Mai 1050 in Avellano) war ein Benediktinermönch, Musiktheoretiker und Lehrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guido de Arezzo — Guido Aretinus Estatua de Vitus Arretinus (Guido d Arezzo) en su localidad natal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guido of Arezzo — or Guido Aretinus or Guido da Arezzo or Guido Monaco or Guido D Arezzo (991/992 ndash;after 1033) was a music theorist of the Medieval era. He is regarded as the inventor of modern musical notation (staff notation) that replaced neumatic… …   Wikipedia

  • Guido of Arezzo — • Article with life and summary of his contributions to musical theory and composition Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Guido of Arezzo     Guido of Arezzo      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Guido von Arezzo — (lat. Aretīnus), Musikschriftsteller, geb. um 990 nach gewöhnlicher Annahme in Arezzo, nach neuern Forschungen aber (Dom Germain Morin in der »Revue de l art chrétien«, 1888) aus der Umgegend von Paris gebürtig und erzogen im Kloster St. Maur les …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guido von Arezzo — (Aretinus), ein Benediktinermönch zu Avellana bei Arezzo aus dem 11. Jahrh., erregte durch seine neue und äußerst erfolgreiche Methode des Gesang und Musikunterrichts bald solches Aufsehen, daß er von Papst Johann XX. nach Rom berufen wurde; da… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Guido d'Arezzo — [ä΄re tē′nō̂gwē′dō̂ dä ret′tsō̂] A.D. 990? 1050?; It. monk & musical theoretician: also called Guido Aretino [ä΄re tē′nō̂] …   English World dictionary

  • Guido de Arezzo — (Guido d´Arezzo) ► (990? 1050) Monje benedictino italiano. Se le atribuye la creación del pentagrama y dio nombre a las seis primeras notas de la escala, usando la primera sílaba de cada verso del himno a san Juan, de Pablo Diácono …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guido d'Arezzo — Statue von Guido von Arezzo. Guido von Arezzo (auch: Guido d Arezzo der Ältere, (Guido) Aretinus und Guido Monaco; * um 992; † unsicher: 17. Mai 1050) in Avellano war ein Benediktinermönch, Musiktheoretiker und Lehrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guido d'Arezzo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir saint Guy. Guido d Arezzo Guido d Arezzo en français parfois Gui ou Guy d Arezzo, voire Gui l Arétin, en latin Guido Aretinus, en italien parfois Guido Monaco est l un des saints …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guido d'Arezzo — Guidonian /gwi doh nee euhn/, adj. /gwee daw dah rddet tsaw/, (Guido Aretinus) ( Fra Guittone ) c995 1049?, Italian monk and music theorist: reformer of musical notation. * * * born с 990, Arezzo? died 1050, Avellana? Italian music theorist. A… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.